Cours de stenographie online dating
After the decline of the Roman Empire, the Tironian notes were not used any more to transcribe speeches, though they were still known and taught, particularly during the Carolingian Renaissance.
After the 11th century, however, they were mostly forgotten.
These records were used to create more formal transcripts.
One cornerstone of imperial court proceedings was that all confessions had to be acknowledged by the accused's signature, personal seal, or thumbprint, requiring fast writing. Shelton's system became very popular and is well known because it was used by Samuel Pepys for his diary and for many of his official papers, such as his letter copy books.
Shelton borrowed heavily from his predecessors, especially Edmond Willis.The record for fast writing with Pitman shorthand is 350 wpm during a two-minute test by Nathan Behrin in 1922, although this result has been questioned.Pitman shorthand is still in widespread use, but in the USA and some other parts of the world it has been largely superseded by Gregg shorthand, which was first published in 1888 by John Robert Gregg.Hellenistic tachygraphy is reported from the 2nd century BC onwards, though there are indications that it might be older.The oldest datable reference is a contract from Middle Egypt, stating that Oxyrhynchos gives the "semeiographer" Apollonios for two years to be taught shorthand writing.